The term MCA is an abbreviation of Master of Computer Applications that is a three year program in which it comprises of six semesters. This is a professional master's degree program in India that is designed to meet the growing demand of qualified professionals in the IT industry. In this program, admission can be taken after obtaining a Bachelor's degree. This program provides a sound theoretical background and excellent practical exposure to the students in these areas. It covers many aspects of algorithm design and optimization, programming, computational theory, network and database management, mathematics, probability, accounting, finance, statistics, mobile technologies etc.
After doing MCA program from the reputed institute, an individual can go in various fields. These fields are described as under:-
1) Hardware and networking: - Hardware and networking field contains the physical elements of the computer system. This field of computing usually deals with the manufacturing, designing and maintenance of computers. It also assembles the manufactured components of the computers, installation and integration of the computer systems through networks.
2) Software engineering and development:- Software engineering and development includes the set of instructions that is called programs for working and performing the specified tasks. These programs may come in the form of packages that are specially designed for specific requirements.
Software testing and Quality maintenance:- In the last few years, the dimension of software development has emerged as separate sector i.e. software testing of the developed programs and ensuring then quality in the team technical aspect and operational as well.
3) Services and application support:- Services and application support includes system integration and applications management, networking and database management, installation and maintenance of software applications and much more.
4) Research and development: - Research and development involves the designing of chips and circuits, integration of peripherals and computer architecture. This field also has the improvement and upgrading of the existing systems, software and applications.
As a result, we can say that MCA program opens a lot of job opportunities for the students. After studying, an individual can begin his career as a junior programmer as well as can grow at the very fast pace to become systems analysts and project leaders.